Artykuł o starożytnych Rzymianinach

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Artykuł o starożytnych Rzymianinach

Postprzez MaciekPawlak » 20 lis 2013, o 19:42

Amusements of the ancient Romans

At the place, where today we may look at the ruins of the Roman Colosseum, from the earliest times there were races and games in honour of the Etruscan god, Consus, patron of harvests and abundance. This place is named: circus, or circle, defining the shape of the track being an elongated ellipsis.
The importance of these popular games was first observed by Julius Caesar, who began to build a magnificent amphitheatre here for an audience of 180,000. The undertaking was completed by Augustus. The enormous building rose three storeys high, the first storey was of stone and the two upper storeys are constructed of wood. The edifice was ornamented with marble, bronze and statues.

Without tickets, but over the dead
Senators and knights had designated places in several of the first rows, the rest of the audience needed to take their seats themselves, or with the aid of their own elbows. As early as the night before the day of the games crowds collected and such assemblies were seldom without fatal casualties. Entrance to the amphitheatre was free, no one had thought of tickets yet.
Games were organised to celebrate religious festivals, several or several dozen times a year. The number continually increased. In the reign of Augustus there were 65 of them, and in the middle of the IV century A.D. there were as many as 176!
The events brought benefit to none, and in fact to the contrary, they brought many to ruin. The organisation was among the responsibilities of senior officials, aediles and praetors, who with the splendour of the games obtained the favour of the people and the patronage of monarchs.
The main part of the event was chariot racing, initially chariots pulled by a pair of horses and then quadrigas or four horse chariots. The track was circled seven times, which took approximately a quarter of an hour, for one event they were normally ten to twelve races. The charioteers had tunics in one of four colours: blue, green, red or white. Later the chariots began to be painted in these colours also. These colours were the colours of the four racing "clubs".

Ancient supporters
Victory or defeat of the beloved colours led to brawls. Sometimes, members of the clubs were emperors and other dignitaries and more than once sporting rivalry was brought into the political arena. In the year 532 in Byzantium, which had taken the passion for horse racing from Rome, a riot, which began in the circus, ended with a real battle, in which probably 30,000 people were killed. Emperor Justinian himself nearly paid for these disturbances with his throne.
Still greater passions were stirred by the gladiatorial games. Introduced in Rome in the second century BC. Most often armed combat with wild animals was presented. Criminals condemned to death, prisoners of war and slaves became gladiators. Sometimes free people also entered the arena, enticed by the high pay of the gladiators and fame. One of the rulers of Rome, Commodus, loved to show off his real Herculean strength and willingly participated in such combat. There are descriptions of his victorious combats with lions and tigers.
Gladiatorial games were very varied. At times they were one-to-one combat, but most frequently many pairs battled for life or death or real crowd battles were staged. Combats with animals were simultaneously a show of curiosities. Into the arena were driven aurochs, bison, elephants and lions, tigers and even giraffes and a herd of ostriches. One of the games organisers of those times at the idea of filling the arena with water and staging a sea battle with the entire terror of people drowning and corpses floating on the surface.
Not until the beginning of the V century did Christian emperors forbid gladiatorial games, retaining combat with animals for another century.
Posty: 1
Dołączył(a): 20 lis 2013, o 19:30

Re: Artykuł o starożytnych Rzymianinach

Postprzez marek431 » 25 sty 2018, o 06:16

Nie jesteście spełnieni swoją miłością ? Brakuje wam kontaktu z innymi osobami ? Szukacie dodatkowej rozrywki czy może miłości albo po prostu towarzystwa ? Panie do towarzystwa, to coś co może umilić wam czas na co dzień..
Posty: 1
Dołączył(a): 25 sty 2018, o 06:12

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